Aspects of Argument Structure Acquisition in Inuktitut by Shanley E.M. Allen

By Shanley E.M. Allen

This e-book discusses the 1st language acquisition of 3 morphosyntactic mechanisms of transitivity alternation in arctic Quebec Inuktitut. facts derive from naturalistic longitudinal spontaneous speech samples gathered over a nine-month interval from 4 Inuit kids. either uncomplicated and complex sorts of passive constructions are proven for use productively via Inuktitut-speaking childrens at an early age relative to English-speaking teenagers, yet constant in age with audio system of non-Indo-European languages stated on within the literature; capability causes of this distinction comprise frequency of caregiver enter and information of language constitution. Morphological causatives seem somewhat later within the acquisition series, and their first circumstances mirror use of unanalyzed workouts. Lexical causatives are current from the earliest a long time studied. proof of a interval of overgeneralization of lexical causatives in a single topic even as the morphological causative exhibits indicators of being productively received means that the seeming overgeneralization may well mirror not anything greater than as but volatile use of the morphological causative. Noun incorporation buildings are proven for use productively by means of Inuktitut-speaking kids at an early age relative to Mohawk-speaking kids; strength motives of this distinction contain info of language constitution and relative language use within the environments of the novices. Findings are thought of in gentle of present debates within the literature bearing on continuity as opposed to maturation of grammatical constitution, and in regards to the practical different types on hand to the kid at early levels of acquisition. facts awarded argue opposed to overdue maturation, and recommend that each one useful different types could be accessed via the Inuktitut-speaking baby early within the acquisition approach.

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All of the children were rather shy or acted up in some way during their first taping, but the effect did not last even to the end of that session. The presence of the Chapter 2 36 camera and the act of videotaping sometimes provided the topic of conversation for the child and his or her conversational partners. However, perhaps because Inuit are used to living with many people in the same house and because they are used to learning by observation, it did not seem that I was intruding or that my presence was resented.

Her grandmother is monolingual Inuktitut-speaking while other caregivers are bilingual to some degree though they interacted with Louisa almost exclusively in Inuktitut. During her taping sessions Louisa was often interacting with peers, and occasionally with her siblings or mother. Louisa was reasonably silent during the first half of the data collection period, though her rate of speaking increased considerably about the midway point. Her best friend, a girl slightly older than Louisa, was a frequent playmate.

Addressee (addressee of the speaker) f. situation (relevant situational comments to disambiguate reference of demonstratives or illuminate discourse context) The transcription process did not specifically address any phonological issues or pay systematic attention to phonological deviation from adult pronunciation. However, such phonological deviation was noted when significant to relevant morphophonological processes concerning the structures of focus in the research. Methodology 37 Data were formatted following the CHAT transcription conventions from the CHILDES project (MacWhinney & Snow, 1990; MacWhinney, 1991)4.

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