By Julian Dodd
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Additional info for An Identity Theory of Truth
Second, if languages are to be learnable, they Propositions, Indirect Speech and Truthbearers 23 must be compositional: the meanings of sentences must be systematically determined by those of their parts and their manner of combination. 5 For Tarski-style truth-theories are compositional theories which entail a specification of truth conditions for each sentence of the language from a finite number of axioms; and what is more, such theories also offer a non-metaphorical account of just how the meanings of sentences are determined by those of their parts.
Lois stands in that relation to such an utterance just in case she herself produced an utterance that matches it in content. So (4) Lois Lane said that is glossed as (5) Some utterance of Lois Lane’s and my next utterance make us samesayers. With this account of oratio obliqua in place, it is natural to follow Davidson in regarding it as the basis of a general ‘paratactic analysis of attributions of attitude’ (1975, p. 166). The logical form of any propositional attitude-ascription will be along the lines of (2); presumably, the gloss on the predicate expressing the relation between thinking subject and utterance will change from attitude to attitude.
Pp. 25–6). Consequently, according to McFetridge, Propositions, Indirect Speech and Truthbearers 33 the demonstrative ‘that’ in attributions of sayings is characteristically uttered in the presence of an ensuing utterance, but . . its referent is not that utterance but the set of utterances bound by that utterance, a set of which that utterance will be a member. , p. 25) But such an account will not do for two reasons. First, it is an undoubted truth that some things have never been said; and this is something that must be acknowledged if we are to be able to say that there are truths which have never been expressed.