By Michael Otterman
George W. Bush calls them an "alternative set of procedures": forcing sufferers to face for 40 hours; depriving them of sleep for weeks on finish; and strapping prisoners to prone forums, then flooding their mouths with water. those strategies are torture, and they're criminal within the United States.
Michael Otterman unearths the lengthy background of U.S. torture. He indicates how those techniques turned typical perform in today's struggle on terror. at the start, the CIA established their strategies at the strategies in their enemies, the Nazis, Soviets, and chinese language. Billions of greenbacks have been spent learning, refining, then educating those thoughts to interrogators charged with preserving communism at bay. They produced process manuals that have been utilized in Vietnam, Latin the United States, and somewhere else. because the chilly struggle ended, those tortures---engineered to go away deep mental wounds yet few actual scars---were legalized utilizing the very legislation that have been designed to eliminate their use. After Sep 11, they have been revived back to be used on enemy fighters detained in America's tremendous gulag of prisoners around the globe---from mystery CIA black websites in Thailand to the prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Michael Otterman indicates that those interrogation equipment violate greater than foreign legislation and basic human rights. They radicalize enemies, undermine credibility, and yield unreliable intelligence. they don't make us extra secure. They make us much less safe.
Read Online or Download American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond PDF
Similar united states of america books
For 4 years through the Civil battle, Generals supply and Lee clashed as sour enemies in a battle that bloodied and scorched the yankee panorama. but in an previous time, they'd worn a similar uniform and fought jointly. In the learning floor, acclaimed historian Martin Dugard offers the saga of ways, twenty years ahead of the Civil struggle, a gaggle of West element graduates—including Robert E.
Every little thing we all know approximately drugs-from acid to epidemics to DARE and salvia-turns out to be wrong
Stock up on munchies and line up your water bottles: journalist Ryan Grim will take you on a cross-country travel of illicit drug use within the U. S. -from the suffering (the large DEA bust of an acid lab in an deserted missile silo in Kansas) to the ecstasy (hallucinogens at raves and track festivals). alongside the way in which, Grim discovers a few excellent truths. Did anti-drug campaigns truly inspire extra drug use? Did acid fairly disappear within the early 2000s? And did meth height years in the past? Did our Founding Fathers-or, larger but, their wives-get excessive simply up to we do? * strains the evolution of United States's lengthy and twisted courting with medicinal drugs* supplies staggering solutions to questions comparable to: how did heroin develop into renowned, whilst did the meth epidemic height, and has LSD long gone the way in which of Quaaludes* according to reliable reporting and wide-ranging research-including surveys, reviews, old bills, and more
Not seeing that Eric Schlosser ventured underground to marijuana's black marketplace in Reefer insanity has a reporter knowledgeable the sort of prepared eye on medicines and tradition. a robust and sometimes surprising heritage of 1 of our knottiest social and cultural difficulties, this is often Your state on medications leads you on a profound exploration of what it capability to be an American.
John Taliaferro Thompson had a undertaking: to strengthen a light-weight, fast-firing weapon that will support americans win at the battlefield. His Thompson submachine gun may possibly bring 100 bullets in an issue of seconds―but didn't discover a industry within the U. S. army. in its place, the Tommy gun grew to become the weapon of selection for a iteration of bootleggers and bank-robbing outlaws, and have become a perilous American icon.
Spymaster, defector, double agent-the striking precise tale of the fellow who ran Russia's post-Cold conflict secret agent application in the USA.
In 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed, the chilly battle ended, and a brand new global order all started. We inspiration every little thing had replaced. yet something by no means replaced: the spies.
From 1997 to 2000, a guy often called "Comrade J" used to be the highest-ranking operative within the SVR-the successor organization to the KGB-in the us. He directed all Russian undercover agent motion in long island urban, and in my view oversaw each covert operation opposed to the U.S. and its allies within the United countries. He recruited spies, planted brokers, penetrated defense, manipulated intelligence, and encouraged American coverage, all below the direct management of Boris Yeltsin after which Vladimir Putin. He was once a legend within the SVR, the fellow who saved the secrets and techniques.
Then in 2000, he defected-and it grew to become out he had yet another mystery. For the former years, he had additionally been a double agent for the FBI: "By a long way crucial Russian secret agent that our part has had in a long time. " He hasn't ever granted a public interview. The FBI and CIA have refused to reply to all media questions about him. He has remained in hiding. He hasn't ever published his secrets and techniques . . .
Comrade J, written via the bestselling writer of relations of Spies and the recent apartment, is his tale, an instantaneous account of what he did within the U. S. once we all assumed the spying was once over, and of what Putin and Russia proceed to do this present day. The revelations are attractive. it's also the tale of starting to be up in a relatives of brokers relationship again to the revolution; of ways Russia molded him into one among its so much high-flying operatives; of the daily perils of residing a double, then triple, existence; and eventually of the way his becoming disquiet with the corruption and pursuits of the "new Russia" led him to take the main perilous step of all.
Many spies have informed their tales. None has the spectacular immediacy, relevance, and cautionary warnings of Comrade J.
- Dead on Arrival: The Politics of Health Care in Twentieth-Century America
- The Domestic Sources of American Foreign Policy: Insights and Evidence (6th Edition)
- The Road to Disunion, Volume 1: Secessionists at Bay, 1776-1854
- The Populist Vision
Additional resources for American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond
The subjects ‘tended to lose their sense of time’ and some became ‘very irritable’. By 1955, MKULTRA researchers began exploring the potential use of isolation in interrogation. One CIA memo, dated 16 March 1955, discussed the results of isolation trials on six volunteers, all members of the US military. According to the memo, this ‘form of psychological harassment’ was an ‘operational tool of potential’. The effects of isolation intrigued Morse Allen, former head of Project Bluebird. On 21 March 1955, he wrote a memo to the Director of Security that discussed ‘total isolation’ as a promising ‘interrogation Otterman - American Torture PAGE44 44 15/12/06 10:22:23 AM Codifying Crue lty 45 aid’.
The USA was to drop first cholera, then yellow fever, then typhus bombs, said the broadcast. Schwable had allegedly told the Koreans that ‘absolutely nothing could appear in writing on the subject and the word “bacteria” was not to be mentioned’, and that all orders were relayed ‘personally and verbally for security reasons’. According to the New York Times, the deposition sounded natural and was written ‘in excellent English without the usual mistakes noted in the enemy’s propaganda’. ‘It’s all a damn lie, and I would like to go up to the UN and tell them so under oath,’ responded General Clayton C.
Using CIA funds, White set up a safe house in Greenwich Village, New York, where agents lured subjects, served them LSD-laced cocktails and observed their behaviour. In 1955, White moved the operation to San Francisco but added a twist: he hired prostitutes to pick up men in bars and bring them back to the safe house. The ‘Johns’ were served laced drinks while CIA officers observed from behind two-way mirrors. White dubbed the San Francisco project ‘Operation Midnight Climax’. White’s LSD program continued uninterrupted until 1963 when an internal audit discovered the illegal nature of the program.