American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond by Michael Otterman

By Michael Otterman

George W. Bush calls them an "alternative set of procedures": forcing sufferers to face for 40 hours; depriving them of sleep for weeks on finish; and strapping prisoners to prone forums, then flooding their mouths with water. those strategies are torture, and they're criminal within the United States.

Michael Otterman unearths the lengthy background of U.S. torture. He indicates how those techniques turned typical perform in today's struggle on terror. at the start, the CIA established their strategies at the strategies in their enemies, the Nazis, Soviets, and chinese language. Billions of greenbacks have been spent learning, refining, then educating those thoughts to interrogators charged with preserving communism at bay. They produced process manuals that have been utilized in Vietnam, Latin the United States, and somewhere else. because the chilly struggle ended, those tortures---engineered to go away deep mental wounds yet few actual scars---were legalized utilizing the very legislation that have been designed to eliminate their use. After Sep 11, they have been revived back to be used on enemy fighters detained in America's tremendous gulag of prisoners around the globe---from mystery CIA black websites in Thailand to the prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

Michael Otterman indicates that those interrogation equipment violate greater than foreign legislation and basic human rights. They radicalize enemies, undermine credibility, and yield unreliable intelligence. they don't make us extra secure. They make us much less safe.

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Additional resources for American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond

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The subjects ‘tended to lose their sense of time’ and some became ‘very irritable’. By 1955, MKULTRA researchers began exploring the potential use of isolation in interrogation. One CIA memo, dated 16 March 1955, discussed the results of isolation trials on six volunteers, all members of the US military. According to the memo, this ‘form of psychological harassment’ was an ‘operational tool of potential’. The effects of isolation intrigued Morse Allen, former head of Project Bluebird. On 21 March 1955, he wrote a memo to the Director of Security that discussed ‘total isolation’ as a promising ‘interrogation Otterman - American Torture PAGE44 44 15/12/06 10:22:23 AM Codifying Crue lty 45 aid’.

The USA was to drop first cholera, then yellow fever, then typhus bombs, said the broadcast. Schwable had allegedly told the Koreans that ‘absolutely nothing could appear in writing on the subject and the word “bacteria” was not to be mentioned’, and that all orders were relayed ‘personally and verbally for security reasons’. According to the New York Times, the deposition sounded natural and was written ‘in excellent English without the usual mistakes noted in the enemy’s propaganda’. ‘It’s all a damn lie, and I would like to go up to the UN and tell them so under oath,’ responded General Clayton C.

Using CIA funds, White set up a safe house in Greenwich Village, New York, where agents lured subjects, served them LSD-laced cocktails and observed their behaviour. In 1955, White moved the operation to San Francisco but added a twist: he hired prostitutes to pick up men in bars and bring them back to the safe house. The ‘Johns’ were served laced drinks while CIA officers observed from behind two-way mirrors. White dubbed the San Francisco project ‘Operation Midnight Climax’. White’s LSD program continued uninterrupted until 1963 when an internal audit discovered the illegal nature of the program.

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