A grammar of Savosavo: A Papuan language of the Solomon by Claudia Ursula Wegener

By Claudia Ursula Wegener

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Extra resources for A grammar of Savosavo: A Papuan language of the Solomon Islands

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2 on page 34. 1 Root stress The general rule for stress in roots in a one- or two-word sentence where the bare root is used is that the penultimate syllable of a root carries primary stress (marked by " in the examples). e. it is (almost) as prominent as the primarily stressed syllable. g. "tuvi ‘house’. Trisyllabic roots are either stressed on the first or the second syllable, and therefore partly deviate from the general pattern described above. It is not predictable which trisyllabic roots are stressed on the first syllable and which on the second.

Although all clitics form a phonological word with their host, some have a stronger influence on its stress pattern than others. Further investigation is required provide a full account of stress pattern changes triggered by different suffixes and enclitics combined. The remainder of this section will focus on two common bound morphemes, the suffix -ghu ‘NMLZ’ and the enclitic =gha ‘PL’. Especially -ghu ‘NMLZ’ is often found in short utterances (see examples (1) and (2) below), so its influence on stress patterns can be observed in everyday speech very easily.

Savosavo has a number of subordinate clauses, including two types of relative clause, conditional clauses, temporal clauses, simultaneous clauses and purpose clauses. Clause chaining is a common phenomenon. The non-finite verbs of initial and medial clauses in clause chains take a same-subject suffix if the subject of the following clause is the same, but remain unmarked if the subject changes. e. the repetition of the last verbal predicate of the preceding clause as the initial predicate of a new clause chain, is also found in Savosavo.

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