Oxford Dictionary of Medicines by Elizabeth A. Martin, Tanya A. McFerran

By Elizabeth A. Martin, Tanya A. McFerran

The hot version of this bestselling and depended on dictionary has been totally up to date and revised to take account of contemporary advancements in nursing perform and similar fields. Updates to this version conceal many components, with a selected specialize in parts akin to food, scientific learn, lymphology, and significant care nursing.

Written via clinical and nursing experts, and delivering greater than 10,300 transparent and concise entries at the thought and perform of nursing, the dictionary presents accomplished assurance of the ever-expanding vocabulary of the nursing professions. in addition to nursing-specific phrases, there also are many entries within the fields of medication, anatomy, body structure, ethics, psychiatry, foodstuff, information, and pharmacology. virtually a hundred worthwhile illustrations and tables, and 17 appendices protecting the
Code of behavior 2015, the calculation of drug dosages, crucial ability clusters, faith and nursing perform, steered alcohol consumption, and masses extra, make this a necessary reference device for all nursing scholars and execs.

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Back - New Search adrenaline (epinephrine) A hormone that is secreted by the centre (medulla) of the adrenal glands into the bloodstream in conditions of stress. It acts on adrenoceptors to cause constriction of some blood vessels and dilatation of others, increasing blood flow to the heart and skeletal muscles. The heart rate is increased, while the muscles of the intestine and airways relax. As a drug, adrenaline is available in various forms on prescription only. It is given by intramuscular injection to relieve the effects of anaphylactic shock (an extreme and potentially fatal allergic reaction; See ANAPHYLAXIS) and by intravenous injection to treat cardiac arrest.

They therefore increase the amount of acetylcholine that is available for the transmission of nerve impulses. The acetylcholinesterase inhibitors donepezil hydrochloride and rivastigmine exert their effects in the brain. They are used in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, which is associated with a loss in the activity of acetylcholine-secreting nerve cells in the brain. Back - New Search acetylcysteine A mucolytic drug that breaks down the mucus that accumulates as filaments in the eye and causes dry eyes.

Side effects, precautions, and interactions with other drugs: see ANTIHISTAMINES; DECONGESTANTS; EPHEDRINE HYDROCHLORIDE. Back - New Search allopurinol A drug used for the prevention and long-term treatment of gout and for the treatment of kidney stones; it acts by reducing the formation of uric acid in the body. It is not used to control acute attacks of gout, and may in fact exacerbate symptoms if started during an attack. It may be used in conjunction with probenecid or sulphinpyrazone (sulfinpyrazone).

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