By Shi Xu
Shi-xu opinions universalism in discourse reports when it comes to the cultural outcomes of its present white, western perspective and advocates a culturally pluralist strategy, a idea and examine technique from an cutting edge place among japanese and Western cultures. useful learn recommendations are illustrated via examples drawn from culturally broad ranging discourses.
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Extra info for A Cultural Approach to Discourse
2, 1984, 1987; see also Austin 1962). However, these are concerned with universal forms of rationality of human communication. Emphatically, here I do not mean that discourse (and the discourse producer) is determined by some universal system of norms and values. It is not. Rather, discourse is oriented towards culturally speciﬁc norms and values (see also Back 1996: 11). From another perspective, discursive moral rationality comes from historically speciﬁc discourses. Consequently, valued ‘progress’, ‘development’ and ‘transformation’ of historical discourse are ‘positive’ only from culture-speciﬁc and contemporary perspectives.
Trouble came, however, when some media showed pictures and accounts of loss of innocent lives and subsequently humanitarian aid was sent into Afghanistan (for the ﬁrst time in history). ’ From the other side of the Atlantic, the British Prime Minster, Blair, told his countrymen that British children are dying of the drugs that are grown in Afghanistan. When Afghanistan’s government was toppled, Bush and Blair’s wives went on the TV and condemned the abuse of women by that regime. With this example, I want to show, just as I suggested in describing the relation between reality and discourse above, that context and text must be understood together.
In opposition to representationalism, I redeﬁned linguistic communication into a broader notion, termed as discourse, in which both text and context, both language and the world, are included as part of the same meaning-making activity or process. I argued that discourse and the world make each other up, such that the former constitutes the latter; I called this perspective the thoroughly reality-constitutive view. In light of this new perspective, I went on to reconsider a set of key relations in discourse and highlighted the performative, relational and moral-rational character of discourse.