A Complete Course in Canning and Related Processes: by Donald L. Downing

By Donald L. Downing

The thirteenth version of a whole path in canning is prepared for distribution for these drawn to the canning, glass packing, and aseptic processing industries. This booklet has been absolutely revised and up to date via Dr Donald Downing. The books are a technical reference and textbooks for college kids of foodstuff know-how; meals plant managers; product learn and improvement experts; nutrients apparatus brands and salesmen; agents; and nutrients providers. the 3 books comprise a complete of over 1650 pages. Dr Donald Downing, Professor of foodstuff processing, manhattan Agricultural scan Station, Cornell collage, Geneva, manhattan, has introduced jointly many matters, heretofore unpublished, as a unit. the target was once to make the books so entire that they hide all levels of processing and so whole that they can be used as textbooks in foodstuff know-how classes, in addition to reference manuals and guideline books for the entire nutrients processing undefined, lay participants, in addition to the pro nutrients technologist. This new version has been completely revised and improved over past variants, having new sections, new items and procedures, and covers matters from making a marketing strategy and making plans a meals processing operation, via processing and into the warehousing of the completed product.

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Additional info for A Complete Course in Canning and Related Processes: Microbiology, packaging, HACCP & ingredients (vol. 2)

Sample text

Relatively few of the mesophilic bacteria, however, are considered significant from the standpoint of food spoilage. In general, yeasts, molds and thermophilic bacteria are the significant spoilage types of organisms. , Desulfotomaculum nigrificans In general, there are no microbial standards by which the suitability of ingredients for use in canning may be measured. An exception to this are the standards suggested by the National Food Processors Association for thermo­ philic spore contamination of sugar and starch to be used in low-acid, heat processed canned foods.

Normal, sour or putrid, but generally consistent from can to can. · pH M ic roscopic and Cultural H istor y Usually fairly constant. Sour, fecal; generally vary· i ng from can to can. Wide variation. Mixed cultures, generally Cultures show spore-forming rods rods and cocci. Growth only. Growth at 98" F and/or only at usual temperatures. 1 3 l • F. , acid agar for tomato j uice. If product misses retort completely, rods, cocci, yeast, or molds or any combination of t hese may be present. Spoilage us ually confined to certain portions of pack.

These organisms gain entrance into the food during the canning operation, either from the soil, from ingredients, or from equipment. On the basis of acidity classification of foods, it is possible to make general statements relative to the microorganisms which are potentially capable of producing spoilage in canned foods. pH and Growth of Clostridium botulinum For years, laboratories connected with the canning industry and others have studied Clostridium botulinum, its heat-resistance and processing recommen­ dations for low-acid foods.

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